Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Statement||[by] P. J. W. Saunders.|
|Series||Studies in environmental pollution|
|LC Classifications||TD177 .S23|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 126 p. :|
|Number of Pages||126|
|LC Control Number||76372474|
Although discussed at length, the cost of soiling from air pollution is not estimated. The total national cost in of damage resulting from air pollution was $ billion, which includes $ billion for residential property, $ billion for materials, $ billion for health, and $ billion for vegetation. Abstract The total damage cost is the sum of renovation cost and amenity loss. We show that amenity loss can be inferred from renovation expenditures without carrying out a contingent valuation; the amenity loss is approximately equal to the renovation cost. We review the methodologies for calculating air pollution damage to buildings, as well as the data available for their implementation in. The methodology presented in this book for cost estimation of air pollution control equipment is excellent Unfortunately the cost data is outdated by several decades. In addition, the most popular air pollution control process, biofiltration, was only briefly mentioned on Cited by: Air pollutant emission values are used to determine the social costs of various technologies that cause air pollution and to estimate the benefits of emission control technologies. In this report, the authors present two methods of estimating air pollutant emission values--the damage value method and the control cost method--and review 15 recent studies in which these methods were employed to estimate .
This paper examines estimates of the damages caused by air pollution emissions from transportation sources. The paper first provides a summary of dollar per gallon air pollution damage estimates from twenty studies. Next, new nationwide estimates of damages associated with air emissions are presented. Finally, three key issues in the estimation of damages are discussed. Damage to nontarget organisms and pollution to the soil and air are well documented. The released pesticides into the environment and their impacts on many species have been known for a long time. The senseless and widespread use of OCPs between the s and the s caused a striking decrease in wildlife populations nearly all over the. According to this Commission, the global financial costs of pollution are huge, totaling “$ trillion per year—% of global economic output”. The study reported that in the United States, air pollution control pays off at a rate of Every dollar invested in air pollution control generates thirty dollars of benefits. Air and water pollution are still a major problem in newly industrialised countries, particularly China, India and in South America. But even there, pollution is rising more slowly than it did when the west went through its industrial revolution, because of better awareness and .
About this book. Modelling and Estimation of Damage in Structuresis a comprehensiveguide to solving the type of modelling and estimation problems associated with the physics of structural damage. Provides a model-based approach to damage identification. Presents an in-depth treatment of probability theory and random processes. The book goes on to evaluate the progress made in estimating dose response functions and valuing environmental damages. The authors discuss the methodology used for the estimation of damages caused by ambient air pollution and the cost of defensive expenditures. Asian-Pacific Economic Literature: “In contrast the World Bank report Cost of Pollution in China: economic estimates and physical damages (), which caught the attention of the mainstream mass media , this edited volume by Mun Ho and Chris Nielsen stands as a solemn, solid, and scholarly defence of the same alarming message - air pollution causes significant damage to the Chinese . Journals & Books; Help 27 â€“ 29 November , Bangkok, Thailand Earthquake damage estimation systems: Literature review Kahandawa K.A.R.V.D.a*, Domingo N.D. a, Park K.S. a, Uma S.R. b aSchool of Enginnering and Advance Technology, Massey University, Building , Gate 4, Oteha Rohe Campus, Private bag , North Shore, Auckland.